Luna Appliance Software 7.8.0

Luna Appliance Software 7.8.0 was released in July 2022. It is no longer available for download; Thales recommends using Luna Appliance Software 7.8.1 or newer.

This version also includes Luna Backup HSM 7 Firmware 7.7.2 ready to install (see Updating the Appliance-Connected Luna Backup HSM 7 Firmware).

New Features and Enhancements

Luna Appliance Software 7.8.0 includes the following new features and enhancements:

Time Management by HSM SO

HSM administration is streamlined with the HSM SO now able to use hsm time commands, previously restricted to the Audit user.

See hsm time.



Clusters are presented as a technical preview, to give customers the opportunity to validate our new HSM management features, designed to reduce operation cost and maximize the return on investment of a fleet of HSMs. This release does not provide a migration path from standard Luna partitions or Luna Cloud HSM services to keyrings. Thales recommends Luna Appliance Software 7.8.3 with cluster package 1.0.3, Luna HSM Firmware 7.8.2, and Luna HSM Client 10.6.0 to use clusters.


When the cluster package is installed, access to any existing partitions on the HSM is disabled, and this can only be reversed by re-imaging the Luna Network HSM 7 appliance (see Re-Imaging the Appliance to Baseline Software/Firmware Versions). Re-imaging is a destructive action; all roles, partitions, and keys are destroyed. The Luna Network HSM 7 must be completely reconfigured; all partitions must be recreated and their contents restored from backup. In particular, do not attempt to configure clustering on a Luna Network HSM 7 that already has V1 partitions created; either delete these partitions or re-image the appliance before configuring a cluster.

Luna Network HSM 7 now allows you to store your cryptographic objects in an encrypted cluster within the appliance memory. This process uses Scalable Key Storage to encrypt the cluster and the SMK is shared with all member HSMs. The cluster contains keyrings, which are analogous to application partitions and can be accessed by a client in much the same way, by connecting to any member appliance. Keys are retrieved from the cluster, decrypted within the secure confines of the HSM, and used by the HSM for cryptographic operations. This configuration allows you to store many more keys than you can normally store within HSM partitions. The management of backup and restore operations is greatly simplified; the HSM administrator can back up the full content of a cluster, at scheduled intervals or on demand.

A cluster can consist of one Luna Network HSM 7 member appliance, or multiple appliances that share the contents of the cluster. Adding multiple members to a cluster improves performance, and provides redundancy and failover for your client applications. Thales recommends a maximum of 4 members per cluster.

Up to 3500 keyrings can be created on the cluster, and each keyring can contain up to 256 objects. Each Luna HSM Client can manage up to 3500 keyrings, which can be spread across multiple clusters.

Thales recommends Luna Appliance Software 7.8.3 with cluster package 1.0.3, Luna HSM Firmware 7.8.2, and Luna HSM Client 10.6.0 to use clusters.

See About the Cluster Administration Guide.

Valid Update Paths

You can update the Luna Appliance Software to version 7.8.0 from the following previous versions:

>7.0.0, 7.1.0, 7.2.0, 7.2.2, 7.3.0, 7.3.1, 7.3.3, 7.3.4, 7.4.0, 7.4.1, 7.4.2, 7.7.0, 7.7.1

Advisory Notes

This section highlights important issues you should be aware of before deploying Luna Appliance Software 7.8.0.

Insecure SSH Ciphers Removed From Luna Appliance Software 7.8.0 and Newer

Thales has removed a number of less-secure SSH ciphers from Luna Appliance Software 7.8.0. As a consequence, older client versions may not be able to use SSH to access LunaSH. This affects SSH connections, pscp/scp file transfers, plink, and certain procedures that rely on these tools such as the One-Step NTLS Connection Procedure. To avoid connection problems, you must use the versions of pscp and plink from Luna HSM Client 10.4.0 or newer. If you use Linux-standard applications like scp or ssh, ensure that they are updated to the latest version.

The following ciphers have been removed:






Host-Based Accepted Key Types





Host Key Algorithms





Public Key Accepted Key Types




Change in Network Routing Default Requires Precaution Before Update

A change to network routing when updating to Luna Appliance Software 7.7.0 or newer, from any prior 7.x version, can cause your appliance to become unreachable via network connection. Older appliance versions permitted the existence of multiple default routes. Beginning with Luna Appliance Software 7.7.0, only one instance of the default route can exist.

Options for a successful update with minimal disruption are:

>Remove all but one instance of the ‘default route’, using the network route delete command, before upgrading from any appliance software version older than Luna Appliance Software 7.7.0.

>Connect locally via serial cable to perform the update, so your access to the network appliance is not lost when network connection becomes temporarily unavailable (pending proper network configuration).

Note also that if you re-image, going back to a version older than Luna Appliance Software 7.7.0, the routing table goes back to the old format and you must apply one of the above precautions again, to update.

If the above precautions are not taken and the appliance becomes unreachable, complete the following steps to restore connection to the appliance:

1.Connect locally via serial cable.

2.Delete all network interfaces. See network interface delete.

3.Configure a network interface to use a default route by doing one of the following:

Configure the network interface to use a static IP configuration while specifying the -gateway option. See network interface static.

Configure the network interface to use DHCP. See network interface dhcp.

After you complete the above steps, network connectivity to the appliance is restored and any remaining interfaces that are configured do not have a default route set.

Luna Network HSM 7 Reboot Patch is a Prerequisite For Older Appliances

If your Luna Network HSM 7 was shipped to you before December 2019, and you currently have software older than Luna Appliance Software 7.7.0 installed, the software update will not proceed unless you first install the Luna Network HSM 7 Reboot Patch. Appliances shipped from the factory since December 2019 have this patch already installed. If you installed the patch to enable an earlier update (7.7.0 or newer), you do not need to install it again.

sysconf snmp trap set command now defaults to "inform"

Previously, sysconf snmp trap set -traptype command would default to "trap". This has changed with Luna Appliance Software 7.7.0; which adds the option "inform", the new default. If you had any scripts that relied on the default setting, they should now be adjusted to explicitly set the -traptype.